Silence in the face of evil is itself evil
Today, I write about the worsening and never-ending insecurity and bloodletting in
Northern Nigeria (Arewa) and the deafening silence of many of us who should speak up
loud and clearly on behalf of our voiceless people.
In Islam, it is the duty of every Muslim not only to defend what is right but to oppose that
which is wrong. The Prophet said, “If someone among you sees wrong he must right it
by his hand if he can (action). If he cannot, then by his tongue (speak up); if he cannot,
then by his gaze (silent expression of disapproval); and if he cannot, then in his heart.
The last is the minimum expression of his conviction (faith, courage)”.
Nigerian elites amaze me when I see them so fixated on the recent riots in the United
States following the death of the African American man George Floyd. For me, the
simple message I see in these riots is that America, the most powerful nation on earth,
went up in flames because a human life was lost. Also, the protesters, mostly young
Americans of all races were expressing their outrage at this injustice. The beauty of any
democracy as imperfect as America’s, is that it allows people to vent their displeasure
with their leadership even in messy ways like this.
Back to our country Nigeria and Arewa in particular where mass burials of our people
massacred by bandits and insurgents is a common occurrence and where the land is
soaked wet with the blood of innocent, unarmed, undefended folks living largely in rural
areas that have never had any government presence. Yet, we the elites have become so
immunized to this carnage and injustice in our midst that all we do is share the video
clips on WhatsApp then recoil back into our shell of fear, docility, and nonchalance
instead of raising our voices.
We need no reminding that all of us owe these our simple folks and the places we come
from, a debt of gratitude we can never repay. Today, we are who we are because of
them and the foresight, vision, and selflessness of the leaders of the time who invested
in us and nurtured us into the productive citizens that we became. The least we can do is
to raise our voices against these injustices to them.
President Muhammadu Buhari came into power thanks to the loyal support, trust, and
goodwill of the masses, particularly in Arewa. They gave their money, blood, sweat,
tears and for some, their lives to elect him in 2015 and re-elect him in 2019. When he
laid sick in the hospital in the U.K., millions kept vigil praying for his recovery. The
masses simply trusted his integrity and saw in him a leader that would correct the
wrongs and set this nation on a path to progress
The All Progressives Congress (APC) under his leadership, campaigned on the tripod of
fighting corruption, insecurity, and fixing the economy. Five years hence, corruption is
flourishing more than ever before, the economy is in a free fall with the nation drowning
in debt with nothing tangible to show for it. People are much less secure today than they
were five years ago.
Arewa has for too long made excuses for and given a lot of latitude to this President
despite all that has been going wrong in their personal lives and the nation partly
because they were hoping things would change in his second term. Whereas it was
considered almost blasphemous in Arewa to speak up against this government during its
first term, the tide is changing very fast all across the region but more acutely in the
President’s home state of Katsina where incessant mass killings with impunity by bandits
are a daily occurrence. Katsina, the capital city is fast becoming a mega IDP camp
sheltering refugees displaced from the 9 LGAs terrorized by these armed bandits.
Arewa today is under siege and terrorized by rampaging bandits and insurgents. They
roll into our towns and villages in convoys of motorcycles riding three on each,
brandishing AK47 rifles with impunity. They spend hours killing, burning, raping, carting
away livestock, and abducting women as sex slaves. In many of these villages, they put
taxes on the people and keep coming back, again and again, to attack because there is
no law enforcement presence to protect them. The Police or Military oftentimes show up
after the carnage to count the bodies.
How these bunch of ragtag bandits on motorcycles wielding nothing more than rusty
AK47 rifles can roam the land with impunity causing these deaths and destruction in a
nation with a standing Military and Police force should be a reason for serious national
reflection on our entire security apparatus. Nigerians must ask the tough questions of
whether the current Security leadership has run out of ideas to get the job done.
Nigerians are sick and tired of this bloodletting and mayhem and want it stopped now,
nothing more nothing less.
I recently watched two video clips that brought tears to my eyes, these videos are a
testament to our failings as a society to our own people but, most importantly, of the
failure of this government to protect the lives, honour, and dignity of those we hold dear
and sacred; our women folks and families. Forgive me for being clinical in describing
these women’s ordeal but it is the reality of the lives of our women under this siege.
The first video is of a young nursing mother from a village in Katsina narrating how she
was raped by armed bandits in front of her husband and teenage son. You could see the
silent rage on the face of the teenage son who was standing nearby. Her husband was
too distraught and ashamed to be shown.
The second video was of a woman from a village in Borno crying and pleading with the
visiting Governor to protect them from Boko Haram. She told him that the insurgents
would come to their village several days in a week raping women. You could see the fear
and anguish on her face.
From Adamawa to Zamfara, the death toll all across Arewa is mounting. Images of the
massacres are too gruesome to watch and the stories from survivors too heartbreaking
to hear but, hearing and watching we must, because this is the reality under which our
people have been living silently for years. The roll call of the nameless dead are too
numerous to count, neither the Federal nor State governments keep any records of the
number of people killed, injured, kidnapped, women raped or cattle rustled.
People in the region feel that all they have to show for voting in President Muhammadu
Buhari in massive numbers are increasing poverty, death, and destruction to their lives
and livelihoods and the painful emotional trauma of rape of girls and women in rural
communities. They feel abandoned and unappreciated with no meaningful Federal
Government presence in their States and are left at the mercy of these murderous
The President seems distant, uncaring, and out of touch with the sufferings of his largest
support base. It has never been in his nature to commiserate or empathize with people
in real-time in their hours of need. He does not send a delegation to condole with the
people, or leaders of the communities affected.
Contrast that with the Vice President’s response to the killing in July 2019 of Funke
Olakunrin, the 58-year-old daughter of Reuben Fasoranti the leader of the Yoruba group,
Afenifere. The Vice President flew to Akure, Ondo State to condole the family. He also
flew to Zaria, Kaduna State to condole the family of Precious Owolabi, the National
Youth Service Corps (NYSC) member hit by a stray bullet in Abuja during a Shiites
protest on July 22, 2019.
Governors in Arewa have essentially become Governors of condolences in their States.
They all appear helpless with many literally blackmailed into negotiating with these
murderous bandits. There is a picture on social media that made me cringe. Though it
was touted as a disarmament process with the bandits terrorizing the State, the picture
clearly tells who was in charge. It showed the State Governor, a Senior Military Officer,
and a bandit brandishing his AK47 in the middle. For goodness sake, you do not
negotiate with unrepentant rapists, mass murderers, kidnappers, arsonists, and cattle
rustlers, instead, you bring them to swift justice.
The threat of famine in Nigeria is real and almost certain if the federal government does
not take urgent and serious security measures that will protect our people to go back to
their farms. In all the States terrorized by these bandits, they choose the most fertile parts of the State to terrorize farmers off their farms. Food insecurity in addition to
current insecurity to lives and properties will be a disaster and a serious threat to our
National Security and existence as a Nation.
AREWA’S MESSAGE TO MR. PRESIDENT:
(a). We are under siege by armed terrorists
(b). Our land is drenched in blood
(c). There are mass burials all over the region
(d). Our women are being raped by bandits
(e). Our people are held captive in forests all across the region
(f). Our Traditional rulers are being killed
(g). Our livestock have been rustled
(h). We have been made poorer by terrorists
(I). Our farmers are not safe to till the land
(j). Our people are displaced to IDP camps
(l). There is growing anger in the land
(m). Now is the time for urgent action.
Arewa’s collective silence to these injustices is a bigger tragedy than the terror and
cruelty that these murderers visit daily on our people. In the name of God who created
us all, I call on all men and women of conscience to speak up loud and clearly against
these injustices and our government’s inability to stop the bloodshed. Let us not forget
that we will surely be asked to account for what we did when our people were being
kidnapped, killed, maimed, raped, abducted, their houses razed down and displaced
from their ancestral homes.
Usman Yusuf is a Professor of Haematology-Oncology
and Bone Marrow Transplantation